The use of the term mobbing has been recently extended to the domestic field. This occurs in the moment in which aggressive attitudes and vexatious are implemented within the family unit. Classic example of conjugal mobbing can be represented by a spouse who uses threats, physical and psychological violence against the other one, in order to get something: force him to behavior that goes against his will, such as leaving the matrimonial home, agree to the separation, exclude him from important decisions, etc..
It’s a persecutory strategy made of small gestures, hostility, closure of communication, continuous criticisms, absolute indifference in order to belittle the other. Like the mobbing at work, these oppressive, systematic and repeated attitudes, threaten the dignity, the self-esteem, but also the physical and mental integrity of the victim.
Beyond the conjugal mobbing, always within of a family unit, we can distinguish the family mobbing, the set of mobbing actions against a family member, a parent, a son or other close relative. Denigrations, threats, de-legitimization of the family and social role, indifference…are some of the characteristics in these cases of mobbing.
The behaviors are realized in a series of real harassments (especially psychological) that lead the victim to belittle their own personality, to cancel the self-esteem occupying a position of total submission.
To define, for the legal point of view, the existence of a case of harassments, it’s necessary that these actions are repeated over time and they are verifiable. In fact, often involve the use of micro bugs or micro cameras that, hidden in the most attended places, help the victim to demonstrate the reality of the facts.
Rarely, these behaviors become physical abuse but in any case, the victim often falls into a state comparable to that of the victims of violence, reluctant to report to the police for fear or shame.